Six Tips To Improve Running Technique During Marathon Training

Feb 11, 2014   //   by James Dunne   //   Biomechanics & Running Technique  //  5 Comments  //  Affiliate Disclosure  

It’s mid February as I write this, and many Northern Hemisphere runners are currently training hard for a Spring marathon. Given the nature of being an injury rehab specialist focused on running technique re-education, I often get injured runners asking the question of when is the best time to work on form, and how to best work on technique while also marathon training.

I do firmly believe that the most appropriate time for a runner to modify running form is in a period of low volume run training – such as the period coming back from injury, or the off-season – hence the structure of our online programme.

However, I’m also a realist! I obviously know that runners who are in the middle of their marathon block are going to be unwilling to scale back significantly on weekly milage.

In my experience, there are however a number of running technique focuses any runner can work on during their marathon training without sacrificing their training load..

1: Everything Starts With Posture

…and running posture begins with pelvic position, and hip mobility.

Dynamic pelvic control is essential as the foundation to good running form. This isn’t simply a case of having adequate hip mobility, but also dynamic control and proprioception.

Check out the video of Holly above for some exercises to practice to improve abdominal (and thus pelvic) control as you run.

Running Technique Quick Guide [FREE PDF]

2: Learn The Quick-Step

I’m talking about running cadence (stride frequency) here, rather than learning to dance!

We’ve most likely all felt it – as significant fatigue kicks in during a run, one of the first elements of form to slip is cadence (stride frequency, leg sped). If you’re running at 8min/mile for example, as your cadence decreases, you naturally increase your stride length to maintain the same 8min/mile pace, otherwise you slow down. Inevitably this leads to a runner over striding.

Given that many runners over stride when ‘fresh’ this first break-down in running form that comes with fatigue is only going to exacerbate the problem.

More info on running cadence can be found here. It is fair to say that there are two areas which many runners need to work on with regards to this:

  1. Increasing their cadence for a given pace, rather than aiming for the commonly quoted magic number of 180spm – cadence range is discussed here
  2. Maintaing cadence, and thus a better degree of  overall form into fatigue – here’s an article on this from Russ Cox.

3: Run Hills Regularly

Hill running is a major component of many marathon programs, and builds run-specific strength like nothing else. I remain adamant however that hills can make or break runners.

What do I mean by that…? If a runner maintains good form running uphill, the effect of the incline serves to reinforce the movement pattern and further develop their technique. However, if a runner’s form is poor in general, hill running is going to magnify this and potential lead to injury quicker than a similar training load on the flat.

It’s not just about ‘working hard’ during your hill sessions – focus on execution and form. Below is a video I shot discussing hill running form and one simple tip to make your uphill running easier.

Check out these two articles on hill running form:

4: Strides After Your Long Runs

I love the easy feeling of getting my run pacing right during my long slower run in the week. I don’t however so much enjoy the feeling of having ‘slow legs’ that these long slow runs sometimes leave me with immediately after the run, sometimes carrying over to the next day.

Over the years I’ve become a fan of adding a brief set of strides to the end of my long run…

Video: What Are Strides? Neuromuscular Training for Runners

Traditionally used as part of a warm-up, these very short, faster efforts focus the fatigue mind and body on technique and leave me feeling really sharp at the end of my long run. An example of this looks like this:

  • 14mile zone 2 steady run
  • 6 x 60m gentle accelerations up to 5km race pace, 1min waking recovery
  • Cool down and stretch

5: Technique Focused Intervals

As well as being a great means for developing speed, interval training is a fantastic way of reinforcing running form. The work:rest:work nature of these sessions allow you to focus on technique for a given relatively short time period, then rest both mentally and physically, before repeating the process.

This is particularly useful for runners who are new to practicing a certain element of running form, and are thus yet unable to maintain the given change for a longer more sustained run. From a learning point of view, maintaining good form for 10 x 400m, is much better than struggling to maintain good form throughout a 4km tempo run.

Your technique cues also give you something to think about when the intervals inevitably start to hurt!

6: Strength-Endurance in The Gym

Hopefully followers of our blog and podcast will be familiar with the importance I place on strength training for runners, triathletes and endurance athletes in general.

From a running technique point of view, I’m always quick to point out that you can learn the correct movement patterns relatively quickly, with the correct coaching. However, it’s the strength-endurance of key muscle groups (and mobility in others) that dictates how well you can maintain this good running form into fatigue – and fatigue will be there in abundance during marathon training and racing!

I can’t reiterate the importance of regular strength training enough! In my opinion, the little-and-often approach is particularly effective for time-poor working athletes who may struggle to get to the gym.

By all means use our Free Strength Programme for Marathon Runners as a guide for your strength, core and mobility work. This page is updated daily with a 15min session to compliment your training!

Running Technique Quick Guide [FREE PDF]

About The Author

James has an academic background in Sport Rehabilitation and a special interest in Applied Biomechanics. He currently coaches a large number of Runners and Triathletes across all levels of ability and performance. He's grown a strong reputation for enabling athletes to improve their running performance and overcome running injuries through improving their Running Technique and developing Running Specific Strength.

 

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5 Comments

  • At what pace do you recommend for doing the intervals at? I was always told you want to go 75% from a sprint.. Am I correct or I am going to slow?

    • Hi Shaun,

      There are a number of subjective cues you can use to pace your intervals. However, to add more objectivity you can input some recent race times into this VDOT calculator: http://www.runbayou.com/jackd.htm which uses the work of Dr Jack Daniels to give you both predicted race times and appropriate training paces.

      I hope this helps.

      Cheers,

      James

  • Hi James,

    I have a lot of problems with my right hip which I’m thinking could be caused by poor form (in part). When running longer distances (14 miles+) my right hip gets so stiff I can barely swing my leg through. It’s better when there are a few hills to vary the pace, but it’s always stiff the day after a long run – and gets worse when sitting still for periods of time at work.

    This has been going on for almost 2 years now. Physio work/stretching hasn’t made a huge difference, so might you have any suggestions?

    Thanks,

    Georgie

  • Great to see that I am already on track with my current training plan. All great info.

  • Hi Team,

    Just signed up to the six week course but am week 2 of 16 week marathon programme.
    For the past 5 months I have been getting bilateral hip pain after running despite seeing a chiropractor on several occasions. She has found the muscles at the back of my hip and lower back are very locked, whilst manipulation has released it all I am then back to square one when running.

    As part of marathon training I have been doing a weekly hill session. The incline is fairly steep but it has forced me onto the balls of my feet. When running on the flat on my next 2 runs my form changed and what I realise is I have been heel striking for years ( I have had heel raisers in my trainers for 4 years) The technique feels smoother and I am quicker and the hip pain has stopped however my calfs are now really sore. Can you advise I should proceed, clearly now is not the right time to do the full course completely – I will do it after the marathon.

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